Dog breeds / Bernese Mountain Dog


Other names Berner Sennenhund, Bernese Cattle Dog, Berner
Coat Double
Colors Tricolor (black, rust, and white)

The Bernese Mountain Dog was originally bred as a farm companion to herders and other animals. As a working dog, because of its size and strength, it was often used to pull carts. This large breed is well known for its compatibility with people, its friendly nature, and its tolerance of children, most other animals, and other pets. While it is traditionally an outdoor animal, it does well inside the home, but requires regular exercise and companionship. They have been bred to be docile, and the vast majority take children’s roughhousing well.

The preferred coloration of this beautiful animal is a tri-colored mix of white, black, and rust. Many have white markings around the nose and a white marking on the chest known as the ‘Swiss Cross’. The wavy, thick coat, designed to protect them from the cold, requires little special attention. However, since they shed to some extent year round, they do benefit from brushing.

While not particularly fast, the Bernese enjoys walks with its owners, and can sprint for short distances. Like many other larger breeds, the major medical concerns with the Bernese are muscular or skeletal – primary arthritis, possible problems with ligaments, and occasionally, hip dysplasia.

Stats & Characteristics

Country of origin Switzerland
Height male 25-27.5″
Height female 23-26″
Weight male 90-120 lbs
Weight female 70-100 lbs
Popularity rank ? 33
Intelligence ?
Intelligence rank ? 22
Shedding ?
Grooming Moderate maintenance
Energy level Low energy
Exercise Needs Low
Playfulness Not very playful
Affection level Moderately affectionate
Watchdog Medium
Protection ability Not very protective
Good with dogs Friendly
Cold tolerance Medium tolerance
Heat tolerance Low tolerance
Life span 7 – 9 years

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